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Please read the important information below before continuing to our website.  

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This website is published by Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM), a French asset management company approved by the French Financial Markets Authority (Autorité des Marchés Financiers, 17 place de la Bourse, 75082 Paris Cedex 02) under the UCITS (2009/65/EC) and AIFM (2011/31/EU) directives.

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This website is subject to French and Finnish law.


A professional client for the purposes of the MiFID (2004/39/EC) and the AIFMD (2011/31/EU) as implemented in Finland is one of the following:

-         an entity required to be authorised or regulated to operate in the financial markets. The following list includes all authorised entities carrying out the characteristic activities of the entities mentioned, whether authorised by an EEA State or a third country and whether or not authorised by reference to a directive:

·            an investment firm, a credit institution, a fund management company, an alternative investment fund manager, a depositary;

·            a stock exchange, an options exchange, a clearing entity;

·            a central securities depository;

·            an insurance company, a pension insurance company, a pension fund;

·            an entity that deals exclusively on own account in financial derivatives for the sole purpose of hedging positions on derivatives markets or deals for the account of other members of those markets or makes prices for them and is guaranteed by clearing members of the same markets;

·            a business entity dealing in commodities and/or commodity derivatives on own account;

·            any other institutional investor;



-          a large undertaking, meeting two of the following size requirements according to the financial statements of the last preceding financial period:


·            balance sheet total of at least EUR 20,000,000

·            net turnover of at least EUR 40,000,000

·            own funds of at least EUR 2,000,000


-         the State of Finland, the State Treasury, the province of Åland, foreign national and regional governments as well as foreign public bodies managing public debt;

-         the European Central Bank, the Bank of Finland and similar foreign central banks as well as the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and similar international associations and organisations;

-         institutional investors that, as their main field of activity, invest in financial instruments;

-         other clients that have in writing requested to be treated as a professional client and, after having received written information on the limited protection afforded to professional clients confirmed in writing their understanding of the same, provided that the investment firm has assessed that the client is capable of making independent investment decisions and understands the related risks and, furthermore, that the client meets at least two of the following criteria:

·            the client has carried out transactions, in significant size, on the relevant market at an average frequency of 10 per quarter over the previous four quarters;

·            the size of the client’s financial instrument portfolio exceeds EUR 500,000;

·            the client works or has worked in the financial sector for at least one year in a professional position, which requires knowledge of the transactions or services envisaged.


A professional investor for the purposes of the UCITS (2009/65/EC) as implemented in Finland is one of the following:

-         an entity required to be authorised or regulated to operate in the financial markets, as defined above under ‘professional client’;

-         a large undertaking, meeting the requirements set out above for professional clients

-         the State of Finland, the State Treasury, the province of Åland, foreign national and regional governments as well as foreign public bodies managing public debt;

-         the European Central Bank, the Bank of Finland and similar foreign central banks as well as the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and similar international associations and organisations;

-         institutional investors that, as their main field of activity, invest in financial instruments;

-         other investors that have notified the fund management company, UCITS or its representative in writing that they, on the basis of their expertise and experience in investing activities, are professional investors, and meet at least two of the following criteria:

·            the investor has carried out transactions, in significant size, on the relevant market at an average frequency of 10 per quarter over the previous four quarters;

·            the size of the investor’s financial instrument portfolio exceeds EUR 500,000;

·            the investor works or has worked in the financial sector for at least one year in a professional position, which requires knowledge of the transactions or services envisaged.


The above definitions are only extracts and are as such not exhaustive. For further details please refer to the Finnish Investment Services Act (747/2012) and the Finnish Investment Funds Act (48/1999).


Marketing Restrictions and Implications


Lyxor UCITS compliant Exchange Traded Funds (Lyxor UCITS ETFs) referred to on this website are open ended mutual investment funds (i) established under French law and approved by the Autorité des Marchés Financiers (the French Financial Markets Authority), or (ii) established under Luxembourg law and approved by the Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier (the Luxembourg Financial Supervisory Committee). Most, if not all, of the protections provided by the Finnish regulatory system generally and for funds authorised in Finland do not apply to these exchange traded funds (ETFs). In particular, investors should note that holdings in this product will not be covered by the provisions of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme or by the Finnish Investors’ Compensation Fund.


This website is exclusively intended for persons who are not "US persons", as such term is defined in Regulation S or the US Securities Act 1933, as amended, and who are not physically present in the US. This website does not constitute an offer or an invitation to purchase any securities in the United States or in any other jurisdiction in which such offer or invitation is not authorised or to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation. Potential users of this website are requested to inform themselves about and to observe any such restrictions.


Index Replication Process


Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow both physical and synthetic index replication process.


However, most Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow synthetic replication process. This consists of entering into a derivative transaction (a ‘Performance Swap’, as defined below) with a counterparty that provides complete and effective exposure to its benchmark index. Lyxor has adopted this methodology in order to minimise tracking error, optimise transaction costs and reduce operational risks.


A Performance Swap is a contractual agreement which is negotiated over-the-counter (OTC) between two parties: the Lyxor UCITS ETF and its counterparty. From a risk perspective, each Performance Swap ranks equally with other senior unsecured obligations of the counterparty, such as common bonds (i.e., same rights to payments). In the Performance Swap, the counterparty of the Lyxor UCITS ETF commits to pay the Lyxor UCITS ETF a variable return based on a pre-determined benchmark index, instead of a fixed stream of income (as in bonds). At the same time, the counterparty will receive from the Lyxor UCITS ETF the performance and any related revenues generated by the basket's assets (excluding the value of the Performance Swap) held by the Lyxor UCITS ETF. Information provided on individual ETFs includes data on the basket relating to the ETF and the percentage value of the basket represented by each asset. The information is relevant to the closing values on the date given. 


Investment Risks


The Lyxor UCITS ETFs described on this website are not suitable for everyone. Investors' capital is at risk. Investors should not deal in this product unless they understand, having obtained independent professional advice where necessary, its nature, terms and conditions, and the extent of their exposure to risk. The value of the product can go down as well as up and can be subject to volatility due to factors such as price changes in the underlying instrument and interest rates. If a fund is quoted in a different currency to the index, currency risks exist.


Prior to any investment in any Lyxor UCITS ETF, you should make your own appraisal of the risks from a financial, legal and tax perspective, without relying exclusively on the information provided by us. We recommend that you consult your own independent professional advisors (including legal, tax, financial or accounting advisors, as appropriate).


Specific Risks


·         Capital at Risk. ETFs are tracking instruments: Their risk profile is similar to a direct investment in the Benchmark Index. Investors’ capital is fully at risk and investors may not get back the amount originally invested. Investments are not covered by the provisions of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (“FSCS”), the Finnish Investors’ Compensation Fund or any similar scheme.

·         Counterparty Risk. Investors may be exposed to risks resulting from the use of an OTC Swap with Societe Generale. Physical ETFs may have Counterparty Risk resulting from the use of a Securities Lending Programme.

·         Currency Risk. ETFs may be exposed to currency risk if the ETF or Benchmark Index holdings are denominated in a currency different to that of the Benchmark Index they are tracking. This means that exchange rate fluctuations could have a negative or positive effect on returns.

·         Replication Risk. ETFs are designed to replicate the performance of the Benchmark Index. Unexpected events relating to the constituents of the Benchmark Index may impact the Index provider’s ability to calculate the Benchmark Index, which may affect the ETF’s ability to replicate the Benchmark Index efficiently. This may create Tracking Error in the ETF.

·         Underlying Risk. The Benchmark Index of a Lyxor ETF may be complex and volatile. When investing in commodities, the Benchmark Index is calculated with reference to commodity futures contracts which can expose investors to risks related to the cost of carry and transportation. ETFs exposed to Emerging Markets carry a greater risk of potential loss than investment in Developed Markets as they are exposed to a wide range of unpredictable Emerging Market risks.

·         Liquidity Risk. On-exchange liquidity may be limited as a result of a suspension in the underlying market represented by the Benchmark Index tracked by the ETF; a failure in the systems of one of the relevant stock exchanges, Societe Generale or other Market Maker systems; or an abnormal trading situation or event. 


The securities can be neither offered in nor transferred to the United States.




Any statement in relation to tax, where made, is generic and non-exhaustive and is based on our understanding of the laws and practice in force as of the date of this document and is subject to any changes in law and practice and the interpretation and application thereof, which changes could be made with retroactive effect. Any such statement must not be construed as tax advice and must not be relied upon. The tax treatment of investments will, inter alia, depend on an individual’s circumstances. Investors must consult with an appropriate professional tax adviser to ascertain for themselves the taxation consequences of acquiring, holding and/or disposing of any investments mentioned on this website. 

Further information on the risk factors are available in the [Risk Warning – link to risk page] section of the website.


Any fund prospectus and supplements are available at Information given about the past performance of the funds is no guarantee of future performance. No investment decision should be taken without reading the fund prospectus and any fund supplement of the fund concerned.


Although the content of the website is based upon information that LIAM consider reliable or comes from sources that LIAM consider reliable, LIAM have not verified such information. Lyxor makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of any information.  Any reproduction, disclosure or dissemination of the materials available on the website is prohibited.



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By clicking on your client type to enter the website, you confirm that you qualify as a ‘professional client’ or ‘professional investor’, as set out above and shall be deemed to have represented to us that you are not a U.S. person and that you are not located in the United States of America, its territories and possessions, and any State of the United States of America and that you are otherwise authorised to receive the information to and on this website.




03 Feb 2020

Green Bonds – 5 issuers in our market-leading ETF 

We’ve been talking about green bonds a lot lately. The topic is close to our heart, and we feel it’s our duty to remind investors just how powerful their role is in supporting the low-carbon transition.

The biggest opportunity to make a difference is found in the trillions invested in debt markets. Considering an investment in green bonds is one of the most direct ways to help “shift the trillions” into purely pro-climate projects. 

We’re pleased to see the market has grown healthily over the years, spurred by increasingly standardised issuance frameworks, more diversification acrosss issuer types, and a growing appetite from ethical investors. Since March 2014, the investable universe as defined by index provider Solactive has ballooned from 33 green bonds worth $19bn to around 700 bonds worth over $470bn1.

Investible Green Bond Universe1 

Investible green

So what entities issue green bonds? In its early days, the market was dominated by bonds issued by development banks and supranational entities, but since then we’ve progressively seen more issuances from sovereigns and financial corporates.

Here we take a look at five different issuers, all of which have a place in our Lyxor Green Bond (DR) UCITS ETF as at January 2020.

1. Société du Grand Paris

The Société du Grand Paris is wholly owned by the French State. Its primary purpose is to “design and develop the overall plan for the set of infrastructure projects that make up the Grand Paris Express and oversee the construction of the lines, fixed structures and facilities, the construction and development of stations and interchanges as well as the procurement of the railway vehicles that will run on the network”. In short, it is responsible for the developing the next generation of transport infrastructure in and around Paris.

With 200km of new automated metro lines (effectively doubling the existing metro network) around the French capital as well as 68 additional stations along the network, the Grand Paris Express is the largest urban project in Europe.

This project is also directly linked to UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) #11 – “Sustainable Cities and Communities”. Socioeconomic and environmental studies estimate the project will lead to an annual reduction in traffic of 2 billion vehicles per kilometre travelled, once the entire network is up and running. 

Paris express

Image source: Societe du Grand Paris website,

In keeping with the green theme, the Société du Grand Paris has developed a specific method and tool to quantify the carbon impact of ongoing and upcoming projects related to the Grand Paris Express programme. The goal is simple: to minimise greenhouse gas emissions. Between 2030 and 2070, when the infrastructure will be fully operational, the project will help avoid emissions of about 754,465 tonnes of CO2 eq per year according to scenario A (lower case), and 1,225,801 tonnes of CO2 eq per year according to scenario B (higher case)..2

2. European Investment Bank

The EIB issued the world’s first ever green bond in 2007, and remains one of the largest green bond issuers to date. It marked the anniversary of that issue with another in 2017. With a maturity date of November 2047, it is one of the longest-dated green bonds available in the market. Final order books exceeded €1.2bn with 48 investors participating in the issue.

Since its first green bond issuance, more than €19bn has been issued by the EIB, and the proceeds have helped finance 160 renewable energy and energy efficiency projects all over the world (UN SDGs #7 and #11).3

                    green projects


Orsted is an interesting example of a business that has actively engaged in the low-carbon transition. A decade ago, this Danish energy company started its transformation from a black (coal, oil, and gas-based) energy business to a green one. In those ten years, Orsted has reduced its coal consumption by 73%, and decided to fully phase out coal by 2023. It also divested its upstream oil and gas business in 2017, thereby completing its green energy transformation.

Through its issuance of green bonds, Orsted has financed the development of its wind capacity, pursuing an objective to expand its offshore wind capacity to 7.45GW. This project is directly related to UN SDG #7 – ”Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all” – enabling a transition towards more renewable energy. 


Image source: Orsted Green Bonds Investor Letter 2018

In terms of impact, annual avoided emissions attributable to the bond amount to 590,000 tonnes of CO2 per year. For every 1m Danish kroner (€134k) invested, annual avoided emissions attributable to allocated bond proceeds equate to 108 tonnes of CO2.4

4. Bank of America

Bank of America has shown an ongoing commitment to sustainable finance. Its latest $2bn green bond issuance in October 2019 was its fifth, with proceeds supporting projects relating to affordable clean energy (SDG goal #7).

According to Bank of America, they are the first US financial institution to issue five corporate green bonds, and have raised a total of $6.35bn for clean energy projects since 2013. Examples of sustainable projects funded by their green bond proceeds include wind farms, solar facilities, and energy-efficient LED street lighting programmes5


You might be surprised to see a business historically associated with oil and coal appearing on this list. Yet French energy and utilities company ENGIE has made bold efforts to reorient its business model towards renewables and energy transition services. ENGIE announced in 2016 its plans to exit coal activities, and in 2019 the group CEO laid out its three-year plan, committing to the creation of an additional 9GW of renewable capabilities, and the ambition to become the world leader in zero-carbon transmission.6

ENGIE issued a €1.5bn green bond in June 2019, with proceeds exclusively earmarked for green projects in renewables and energy services. This brought total green bond issuance by ENGIE to €8.75bn, making it one of the largest corporate green bond issuers in the world.7

Fossil-fuel companies have a powerful role to play in helping accelerate the low-carbon transition. Yet we appreciate that some investors’ ESG principles and priorities may not allow for such holdings in their portfolios, which is why you wouldn’t find companies like Orsted or ENGIE in our ESG-screened Green Bond ETF. This variant of our original fund comes with an issuer-level ESG filter designed to exclude companies involved in fossil fuel and nuclear power, controversial businesses or which operate in violation of the UN Global Compact. 

You have the power to change the world

If the climate emergency is an issue as close to your heart as it is ours, consider our innovative green bond ETF range to make a tangible, targeted impact. 


Our fund launched in 2017 was the first of its kind in the world. Since then, it’s been awarded the prestigious Greenfin label, a national certification for private investments in a green economy introduced by the French government following the COP21. The label solidifies its credibility as a fund committed to financing the green economy, as it demonstrates a high level of requirement for the ‘green’ quality of its underlying assets.

Act now to help #ShiftTheTrillions !

This article is for informative purposes only, and should not be taken as investment advice. Lyxor ETF does not in any way endorse or promote the companies and issuers mentioned in this article. Capital at risk. Please read our Risk Warning below.

1Source: Solactive data as at 07/01/2020. Solactive provides investible green bonds indices subject to the following constraints:
 - Green bonds approved by the Climate Bonds Initiative
 - Minimum outstanding amount of 100 million USD or equivalent
 - Time to maturity of at least six months
 - Exclude inflation linked bonds, convertible bonds, US municipal bonds, ABS/MBS and other structured notes
2Source: Société du Grand Paris – 2018 Green Bond Report
3Source: European Investment Bank website,
4Source: Orsted Green Bonds Investor Letter 2018
5Source: Bank of America website,
6Source: ENGIE website,
7Source: ENGIE website,

This document has been provided by Lyxor International Asset Management that is solely responsible for its content.

MULTI-UNITS LUXEMBOURG - Lyxor Green Bond (DR) UCITS ETF - Acc, domiciled in Luxembourg, MULTI-UNITS LUXEMBOURG - Lyxor Green Bond (DR) UCITS ETF - Monthly Hedged to EUR - Acc, domiciled in Luxembourg, MULTI-UNITS LUXEMBOURG - Lyxor Green Bond ESG Screened (DR) UCITS ETF - Acc, domiciled in Luxembourg (Registered Funds) are collective investment schemes approved by the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority FINMA (FINMA) as foreign collective investment schemes pursuant to article 120 of the Swiss Collective Investment Schemes Act of 23 June 2006 (as amended from time to time, CISA) for distribution in Switzerland to non-Qualified Investors as defined in the CISA.

The above mentioned Exchange Trade Funds (ETFs) are listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange / BX Swiss.

Financial intermediaries (including particularly, representatives of private banks or independent asset managers, Intermediaries) are hereby reminded on the strict regulatory requirements applicable under the CISA to any distribution of foreign collective investment schemes in Switzerland. It is each Intermediary’s sole responsibility to ensure that (i) all these requirements are put in place prior to any Intermediary distributing any of the Funds presented in this document and (ii) that otherwise, it does not take any action that could constitute distribution of collective investment schemes in Switzerland as defined in article 3 CISA and related regulation.

Any information in this document is given only as of the date of this document and is not updated as of any date thereafter. 

This document is for information purposes only and does not constitute an offer, an invitation to make an offer, a solicitation or recommendation to invest in collective investment schemes.  This document is not a prospectus as per article 652a or 1156 of the Swiss Code of Obligations, a listing prospectus according to the listing rules of the SIX Swiss Exchange or any other trading venue as defined by the Swiss Financial Market Infrastructure Act of 19 June 2015 (as amended from time to time, FMIA), a simplified prospectus, a key investor information document or a prospectus as defined in the CISA. 

An investment in collective investment schemes involves significant risks that are described in each prospectus or offering memorandum. Each potential investor should read the entire prospectus or offering memorandum and should carefully consider the risk warnings and disclosures before making an investment decision.Any benchmarks/indices cited in this document are provided for information purposes only.
This document is not the result of a financial analysis and therefore is not subject to the “Directive on the Independence of Financial Research” of the Swiss Bankers Association. 

This document does not contain personalized recommendations or advice and is not intended to substitute any professional advice on investments in financial products. 

The Representative and the Paying Agent of the Fund in Switzerland is Société Générale, Paris, Zurich Branch, Talacker 50, 8001 Zurich. 

The prospectus or offering memorandum, the key investor information documents, the management regulation, the articles of association and/or any other constitutional documents as well as the annual and semi-annual financial reports may be obtained free of charge from the Representative in Switzerland.

In respect to the units/shares of the Fund distributed in and from Switzerland, place of performance and jurisdiction is at the registered office of the Representative in Switzerland.

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