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THIS WEBSITE IS AIMED AT CLIENTS IN FINLAND WHO QUALIFY AS PROFESSIONAL CLIENTS OR PROFESSIONAL INVESTORS

This website is published by Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM), a French asset management company approved by the French Financial Markets Authority (Autorité des Marchés Financiers, 17 place de la Bourse, 75082 Paris Cedex 02) under the UCITS (2009/65/EC) and AIFM (2011/31/EU) directives.

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A professional client for the purposes of the MiFID (2004/39/EC) and the AIFMD (2011/31/EU) as implemented in Finland is one of the following:

-         an entity required to be authorised or regulated to operate in the financial markets. The following list includes all authorised entities carrying out the characteristic activities of the entities mentioned, whether authorised by an EEA State or a third country and whether or not authorised by reference to a directive:

·            an investment firm, a credit institution, a fund management company, an alternative investment fund manager, a depositary;

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·            a central securities depository;

·            an insurance company, a pension insurance company, a pension fund;

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·            a business entity dealing in commodities and/or commodity derivatives on own account;

·            any other institutional investor;

 

 

-          a large undertaking, meeting two of the following size requirements according to the financial statements of the last preceding financial period:

 

·            balance sheet total of at least EUR 20,000,000

·            net turnover of at least EUR 40,000,000

·            own funds of at least EUR 2,000,000

 

-         the State of Finland, the State Treasury, the province of Åland, foreign national and regional governments as well as foreign public bodies managing public debt;

-         the European Central Bank, the Bank of Finland and similar foreign central banks as well as the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and similar international associations and organisations;

-         institutional investors that, as their main field of activity, invest in financial instruments;

-         other clients that have in writing requested to be treated as a professional client and, after having received written information on the limited protection afforded to professional clients confirmed in writing their understanding of the same, provided that the investment firm has assessed that the client is capable of making independent investment decisions and understands the related risks and, furthermore, that the client meets at least two of the following criteria:

·            the client has carried out transactions, in significant size, on the relevant market at an average frequency of 10 per quarter over the previous four quarters;

·            the size of the client’s financial instrument portfolio exceeds EUR 500,000;

·            the client works or has worked in the financial sector for at least one year in a professional position, which requires knowledge of the transactions or services envisaged.

 

A professional investor for the purposes of the UCITS (2009/65/EC) as implemented in Finland is one of the following:

-         an entity required to be authorised or regulated to operate in the financial markets, as defined above under ‘professional client’;

-         a large undertaking, meeting the requirements set out above for professional clients

-         the State of Finland, the State Treasury, the province of Åland, foreign national and regional governments as well as foreign public bodies managing public debt;

-         the European Central Bank, the Bank of Finland and similar foreign central banks as well as the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and similar international associations and organisations;

-         institutional investors that, as their main field of activity, invest in financial instruments;

-         other investors that have notified the fund management company, UCITS or its representative in writing that they, on the basis of their expertise and experience in investing activities, are professional investors, and meet at least two of the following criteria:

·            the investor has carried out transactions, in significant size, on the relevant market at an average frequency of 10 per quarter over the previous four quarters;

·            the size of the investor’s financial instrument portfolio exceeds EUR 500,000;

·            the investor works or has worked in the financial sector for at least one year in a professional position, which requires knowledge of the transactions or services envisaged.

 

The above definitions are only extracts and are as such not exhaustive. For further details please refer to the Finnish Investment Services Act (747/2012) and the Finnish Investment Funds Act (48/1999).

 

Marketing Restrictions and Implications

 

Lyxor UCITS compliant Exchange Traded Funds (Lyxor UCITS ETFs) referred to on this website are open ended mutual investment funds (i) established under French law and approved by the Autorité des Marchés Financiers (the French Financial Markets Authority), or (ii) established under Luxembourg law and approved by the Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier (the Luxembourg Financial Supervisory Committee). Most, if not all, of the protections provided by the Finnish regulatory system generally and for funds authorised in Finland do not apply to these exchange traded funds (ETFs). In particular, investors should note that holdings in this product will not be covered by the provisions of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme or by the Finnish Investors’ Compensation Fund.

 

This website is exclusively intended for persons who are not "US persons", as such term is defined in Regulation S or the US Securities Act 1933, as amended, and who are not physically present in the US. This website does not constitute an offer or an invitation to purchase any securities in the United States or in any other jurisdiction in which such offer or invitation is not authorised or to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation. Potential users of this website are requested to inform themselves about and to observe any such restrictions.

 

Index Replication Process

 

Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow both physical and synthetic index replication process.

 

However, most Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow synthetic replication process. This consists of entering into a derivative transaction (a ‘Performance Swap’, as defined below) with a counterparty that provides complete and effective exposure to its benchmark index. Lyxor has adopted this methodology in order to minimise tracking error, optimise transaction costs and reduce operational risks.

 

A Performance Swap is a contractual agreement which is negotiated over-the-counter (OTC) between two parties: the Lyxor UCITS ETF and its counterparty. From a risk perspective, each Performance Swap ranks equally with other senior unsecured obligations of the counterparty, such as common bonds (i.e., same rights to payments). In the Performance Swap, the counterparty of the Lyxor UCITS ETF commits to pay the Lyxor UCITS ETF a variable return based on a pre-determined benchmark index, instead of a fixed stream of income (as in bonds). At the same time, the counterparty will receive from the Lyxor UCITS ETF the performance and any related revenues generated by the basket's assets (excluding the value of the Performance Swap) held by the Lyxor UCITS ETF. Information provided on individual ETFs includes data on the basket relating to the ETF and the percentage value of the basket represented by each asset. The information is relevant to the closing values on the date given. 

 

Investment Risks

 

The Lyxor UCITS ETFs described on this website are not suitable for everyone. Investors' capital is at risk. Investors should not deal in this product unless they understand, having obtained independent professional advice where necessary, its nature, terms and conditions, and the extent of their exposure to risk. The value of the product can go down as well as up and can be subject to volatility due to factors such as price changes in the underlying instrument and interest rates. If a fund is quoted in a different currency to the index, currency risks exist.

 

Prior to any investment in any Lyxor UCITS ETF, you should make your own appraisal of the risks from a financial, legal and tax perspective, without relying exclusively on the information provided by us. We recommend that you consult your own independent professional advisors (including legal, tax, financial or accounting advisors, as appropriate).

 

Specific Risks

 

·         Capital at Risk. ETFs are tracking instruments: Their risk profile is similar to a direct investment in the Benchmark Index. Investors’ capital is fully at risk and investors may not get back the amount originally invested. Investments are not covered by the provisions of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (“FSCS”), the Finnish Investors’ Compensation Fund or any similar scheme.

·         Counterparty Risk. Investors may be exposed to risks resulting from the use of an OTC Swap with Societe Generale. Physical ETFs may have Counterparty Risk resulting from the use of a Securities Lending Programme.

·         Currency Risk. ETFs may be exposed to currency risk if the ETF or Benchmark Index holdings are denominated in a currency different to that of the Benchmark Index they are tracking. This means that exchange rate fluctuations could have a negative or positive effect on returns.

·         Replication Risk. ETFs are designed to replicate the performance of the Benchmark Index. Unexpected events relating to the constituents of the Benchmark Index may impact the Index provider’s ability to calculate the Benchmark Index, which may affect the ETF’s ability to replicate the Benchmark Index efficiently. This may create Tracking Error in the ETF.

·         Underlying Risk. The Benchmark Index of a Lyxor ETF may be complex and volatile. When investing in commodities, the Benchmark Index is calculated with reference to commodity futures contracts which can expose investors to risks related to the cost of carry and transportation. ETFs exposed to Emerging Markets carry a greater risk of potential loss than investment in Developed Markets as they are exposed to a wide range of unpredictable Emerging Market risks.

·         Liquidity Risk. On-exchange liquidity may be limited as a result of a suspension in the underlying market represented by the Benchmark Index tracked by the ETF; a failure in the systems of one of the relevant stock exchanges, Societe Generale or other Market Maker systems; or an abnormal trading situation or event. 

 

The securities can be neither offered in nor transferred to the United States.

 

Tax

 

Any statement in relation to tax, where made, is generic and non-exhaustive and is based on our understanding of the laws and practice in force as of the date of this document and is subject to any changes in law and practice and the interpretation and application thereof, which changes could be made with retroactive effect. Any such statement must not be construed as tax advice and must not be relied upon. The tax treatment of investments will, inter alia, depend on an individual’s circumstances. Investors must consult with an appropriate professional tax adviser to ascertain for themselves the taxation consequences of acquiring, holding and/or disposing of any investments mentioned on this website. 

Further information on the risk factors are available in the [Risk Warning – link to risk page] section of the website.

 

Any fund prospectus and supplements are available at www.lyxoretf.fi. Information given about the past performance of the funds is no guarantee of future performance. No investment decision should be taken without reading the fund prospectus and any fund supplement of the fund concerned.

 

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Income insights: How to avoid the yield trap

 

Yield hunters need to consider their chosen destinations carefully. On the face of it, dividend payouts look robust, but not everything is as it seems.

 

Income is expensive

The growth in global dividend payouts we’ve seen in recent years may look impressive, but peak dividend payouts and peak share prices are a problem. Overpaying for income is commonplace. Inevitably, dividend cuts are a real risk. After all, a high yield isn’t always a good yield – and can involve an element of corporate distress – so how can you avoid the yield trap?

 

Global dividend cuts, increases and non-payers

Source: SG Cross Asset Research/Equity Quant, MSCI, Factset

Constructing our dividend indices

Our quality income strategies focus on less fashionable, more mature companies that can pay – and can keep paying – a high dividend. They still represent solid, low-risk investments. Each will have been rigorously tested for the quality of its business, the strength of its balance sheet and the dividend yield it promises.

 

A stock needs to pay a 4% dividend for us to invest, and if this drops below 3.5% we sell it. The only exception is for our Japanese index (more of which later), which has a starting yield of around 2.5%.

Right now, it’s difficult to pick up consumer staples businesses with a high enough yield. So our global portfolio is currently weighted towards utilities, telecoms and energy. The portfolio ebbs and flows with the markets – as stocks get more expensive, we naturally move towards more defensive, less popular areas.

 

A selective approach

In our global portfolio, we tend to have significant, enduring exposures to countries like Canada and Australia, which have tax-friendly, well-established dividend regimes. We also favour countries where the right kinds of businesses have a firm foothold, such as the UK (pharmaceuticals) and Switzerland (consumer goods producers).

In the US, the S&P 500’s yield habitually hovers around 2%, so finding a higher yield means narrowing your search. There are plenty of high quality businesses, but their tendency to substitute dividend payments with share buybacks means we cannot identify enough good companies with high enough dividend yields to justify a higher weighting in our global portfolio. Other strategies might have more leeway. For us, Europe and Asia are better hunting grounds. 

 

The attraction of Europe

Continental Europe offers real diversity for dividend investors. Around a third of the global 4%+ dividend yield universe can be found in Europe, and about 30% of European stocks provide a yield of 4% or more.

All European equity sectors currently offer a dividend yield in excess of the ten-year bund. Seven now offer a yield greater than 4%, and most have a sustainable payout ratio. Real Estate, Telecoms and Utilities are paying out more than 70% of their earnings, whereas the Automobile sector is paying only one-third of its earnings despite an attractive yield of c.4%. 

Overall, the ground is fertile enough for our European strategy to yield more than 5% currently. That’s even more than our high dividend income product!

 

Asia: the next dividend frontier

Asia’s outperformance vs. global markets has only just begun after six years in the doldrums. In our view, there’s more to come. Earnings are recovering, valuations are reasonable and liquidity is plentiful. 

The region is also becoming much more attractive as a dividend destination. Its companies have been steadily increasing their dividends for some time, yet there’s still greater scope for dividend growth than, for example, in the UK. You also get more natural diversification – dividend payers come from across the industry spectrum, including technology.

Japan, for its part, has long been relatively uninspiring for dividend seekers, with low yields and high valuations. But corporate governance has improved and share prices have fallen, and Japan now has the best dividend cover and payout ratio in the world. We’re much more interested in Japan than we used to be, hence the imminent listing of our new SG Quality Income Japan ETF.   

 

 

Does it work?

Yields of 4.5% and 5%+ for our Global and European strategies suggest the answer is yes. Since 2013, these ETFs have respectively delivered 20% and 24% more income than the average active manager in their sector – largely because of their consistency. Just once has either ETF yielded less than the average manager in any of the last four years. They’ve also reduced risk by 15% and 6% respectively in that time.  And, they’ve done all of this for just 0.45%. Why would you pay more for less?

 

Consistently higher yield


Source: Lyxor & Morningstar. Average additional yield over the yield of the Morningstar universe of European high dividend yield and equity income funds (2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 year-to-date to 31/08/2017). Average additional yield over the yield of the Morningstar universe of Global high dividend yield and equity income funds (2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 year-to-date to 31/08/2017) Past performance is no guarantee of future returns.

Disclaimers:

Unless otherwise noted, all opinions/data sourced from SG Cross Asset & Global Quantitative Research teams. Opinions expressed are as at 21 September 2017.

THIS DOCUMENT IS DIRECTED AT PROFESSIONAL INVESTORS ONLY 

This document is for the exclusive use of investors acting on their own account and categorised either as “Eligible Counterparties” or “Professional Clients” within the meaning of Markets In Financial Instruments Directive 2004/39/EC. 

This document is of a commercial nature and not of a regulatory nature. This document does not constitute an offer, or an invitation to make an offer, from Société Générale, Lyxor International Asset Management or any of their respective affiliates or subsidiaries to purchase or sell the product referred to herein. 

We recommend to investors who wish to obtain further information on their tax status that they seek assistance from their tax advisor. The attention of the investor is drawn to the fact that the net asset value stated in this document (as the case may be) cannot be used as a basis for subscriptions and/or redemptions. The market information displayed in this document is based on data at a given moment and may change from time to time. The figures relating to past performances refer or relate to past periods and are not a reliable indicator of future results. This also applies to historical market data. The potential return may be reduced by the effect of commissions, fees, taxes or other charges borne by the investor. 

Lyxor International Asset Management (Lyxor ETF), société par actions simplifiée having its registered office at Tours Société Générale, 17 cours Valmy, 92800 Puteaux (France), 418 862 215 RCS Nanterre, is authorized and regulated by the Autorité des Marchés Financiers (AMF) under the UCITS Directive and the AIFM Directive (2011/31/EU). Lyxor ETF is represented in the UK by Lyxor Asset Management UK LLP, which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the UK under Registration Number 435658. 

 

Research disclaimer

This material reflects the views and opinions of the individual authors at this date and in no way the official position or advices of any kind of these authors or of Lyxor International Asset Management and thus does not engage the responsibility of Lyxor International Asset Management nor of any of its officers or employees. This research is not an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any security in any jurisdiction where such an offer or solicitation would be illegal. It does not constitute a personal recommendation or take into account the particular investment objectives, financial situations, or needs of individual clients. Clients should consider whether any advice or recommendation in this research is suitable for their particular circumstances and, if appropriate, seek professional advice, including tax advice. Our salespeople, traders, and other professionals may provide oral or written market commentary or trading strategies to our clients and principal trading desks that reflect opinions that are contrary to the opinions expressed in this research. Our asset management area, principal trading desks and investing businesses may make investment decisions that are inconsistent with the recommendations or views expressed in this research.